Sex and relationships Education (S.R.E.)

What is S.R.E.?

Sex and Relationships Education (SRE) is a positive opportunity for children to learn about and understand their physical and emotional development in a safe and respectful context. It is about understanding the importance of family life, stable and loving relationships, respect, love and care. It is also about the teaching of sex, sexuality and sexual health. It is not about the promotion of sexual orientation or sexual activity.

Why do we teach S.R.E.?

S.R.E is taught to give children knowledge and understanding of their changing bodies, relationships and reproduction so they can make informed and responsible life style choices.

How will it be taught?

  • In school SRE is taught gradually, so that learning can be built up year by year in a way that is appropriate to the age and maturity of each child; responds to the needs they have, and enables them to successfully manage the challenges they face as they grow up.
  • SRE will be accessible to all pupils including those with Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND).
  • SRE will be taught in Term 6 of each school year starting in reception all the way through to year 6.
  • SRE will be taught within the requirements of the National Curriculum for Science and the national curriculum framework for Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) education.
  • All teachers will follow our PSHE scheme, an outline for each year group can be seen over leaf.

What should I do if I don’t wish for my child to participate in these sessions?

Firstly, please discuss your concerns with your child’s class teacher.  You have the right to withdraw your child from SRE taught during PSHE sessions.  Your child cannot be withdrawn from sex education where this is taught in the Science National Curriculum. Children who are withdrawn from SRE within PSHE lessons will still receive biological information but not taught in the context of relationships.

Should you still wish to withdraw your child you should discuss this with the Headteacher, and make it clear which aspects of the programme you do not want your child to participate in. Children whose parents/carers decide to withdraw their child from SRE will be temporarily moved to an alternative class and parents will be offered the use of the materials to use with their child at home. If your child is excluded from these sessions, parents/carers should be made aware that SRE often arises naturally from peer discussion in the absence of an adult’s presence.

Early years and KS1

What will my child learn in their year group?


*Name parts of the body (not including genitals)

*Know how a human grows from a baby to an adult

*Express how they feel when changes happen

*Understand that everyone is unique and special

Year 1

*Understand the lifecycles of humans and animals

*Identify how their body has changed since they were a baby

*Identify the parts of the body that make boys different to girls and can name these: penis, testicles, vagina

Year 2

*Can recognise cycles of life in nature

*Talk about the natural process of growing from young to old and understand that this is not in their control

*Recognise the physical differences between boys and girls, use the correct names for parts of the body   (penis, testicles, vagina) and appreciate that some parts of their bodies are private

*Understand that there are different types of touch and talk about which one they like and don’t like.


What will my child learn in their year group?

Year 3

*Understand that in animals and humans lots of changes happen between conception and growing up, and that it is usually the female who has the baby

*Understand how babies grow and develop in the mother’s uterus

*Understand what a baby needs to live and grow

*Understand that boys’ and girls’ bodies need to change so that when they grow up their bodies can make babies

*Identify how boys’ and girls’ bodies change on the inside and outside during this growing up process

Year 4

*Understand that some of their personal characteristics have come from their birth parents and that this happens because they are made from the joining of their egg and sperm

*Correctly label the internal and external parts of male and female bodies that are necessary for making a baby

*Describe how a girl’s body changes in order for her to be able to have babies when she is an adult, and that menstruation (periods) is a natural part of this

*Can identify changes that have been and may continue to be outside of my control that I need to accept

Year 5

*Aware of own self-image and how body image fits into that

*Explain how a girl’s body changes during puberty and understand the importance of looking after yourself physically and emotionally

*Describe how boys’ and girls’ bodies change during puberty

*Understand that sexual intercourse can lead to conception and that is how babies are usually made

*Understand that sometimes people need IVF to help them have a baby

*Identify what they are looking forward to about becoming a teenager

Year 6

*Aware of own self-image and how body image fits into that

*Explain how a girl’s body changes during puberty and understand the importance of looking after yourself physically and emotionally

*Ask questions they need answered about changes during puberty

*Describe how a baby develops from conception through the nine months of pregnancy and how it is born

*Understand how being physically attracted to someone changes the nature of the relationship

*Identify what they are looking forward to and what worries them about the transition to secondary school

Jan Lever,  Jigsaw P.S.H.E.